Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
It generally only takes a low dose of T3 to treat hypothyroidism. This will not necessarily promote enhanced fat loss, but it should return the metabolism back to proper working order. However, many performance enhancing athletes enjoy using triiodothyronine to in fact enhance direct fat loss. The use of Triiodothyronine alongside a calorie restricted diet will promote significant and accelerated fat loss. While effective, generally this type of use cannot be recommended without the use of anabolic steroids. Due to the necessarily higher doses needed to promote enhanced fat loss and due to the depletion of ATP (Adenosine triphosphate), this can promote lean tissue loss. The body will take whatever it needs from wherever it can get it to meet its energy demands. For this reason, an anabolic protectant is normally advised when supplementing with T3 for this purpose.